Over 20 Years of Research

For more than two decades, Jim Knight and his colleagues at The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning and the Instructional Coaching Group have been studying instructional coaching, communication, and other forms of professional development. “In the early years, our work was about finding our way, finding names for what we did, grabbing what data we could to support what we were doing, and trying to get better at coaching every day. Over time, our instructional coaching model and our methodologies have improved.”

This page has been created to tell the story of instructional coaching through the research we have conducted. 

Statement on Conflict of Interest

Why teacher autonomy is central to coaching success

Educational Leadership. 77(3), 14-20.

Knight, J. (2019)

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Instructional coaching for implementing Visible Learning: A model for translating research into practice

Education Sciences. 9(2), 101.

Knight, J. (2019)

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Escape from the zero-learning zone

Educational Leadership. 76(3), 20-26.

Knight, J. (2018)

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Evaluation of video-based instructional coaching for middle school teachers: Evidence from a multiple-baseline study.

The Educational Forum. 76(1), 50-51.

Knight, D. S., Hock, M., Skrtic, T., Bradley, B., & Knight, J. (2018)

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A coaching model for classroom management

Educational Leadership, 76: 50-51.

Knight, J. (2018).

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Involving teachers in school-wide behavior policy

Educational Leadership, 76(1), 48-53.

Sprick, R., & Knight, J. (2018).

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Coaching in education

The professional coaches’ desk reference. P. Brownell, S. English, & J. Manzi-Sabatine (Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.

van Nieuwerburgh, C., Knight, J., & Campbell, J. (2018).

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The impact cycle: What instructional coaches should do to foster powerful improvements in teaching

Knight, J. (2017). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press

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Designing instructional coaching

Instructional-design theories and models: A learner-centered paradigm of education, volume IV (pp. 269-286). C. M. Reigeluth, B. J. Beatty, & R. D. Myers (Eds.), New York, NY: Routledge.

Knight, D. S., Hock, M., & Knight, J. (2016).

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Better conversations: Coaching ourselves to be more credible, caring, and connected

Knight, J. (2016). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press

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Three steps to great coaching: A simple but powerful instructional coaching cycle nets results

Journal of Staff Development, 36(1), 10-18.

Knight, J. (2015).

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Teach to win: Seven success factors for instructional coaching programs

Principal Leadership, 15(7), 24-27.

Knight, J. (2015).

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Lesson in progress

Coaching at Work, 10(3), 35-37.

van Nieuwerburgh, C., Campbell, J., & Knight, J. (2015).

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What you learn when you see yourself teach

Educational Leadership, 71(8), 18-23.

Knight, J. (2014).

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Focus on teaching: Using video for high-impact instruction

Knight, J. (2014). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

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Improving instructional coaching to support middle school teachers in the United States

Educational design research – Part B: Introduction and illustrative cases (pp. 299-318). T. Plomp & N. Nievee (Eds.), Enschede, The Netherlands: SLO.

Bradley, B. A., Harvey, S., Knight, J., Hock, M., Skrtic, T. M., Deshler, D., Knight, D. S., & Brasseur-Hock, I. (2013).

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High-impact instruction: A framework for great teaching

Knight, J. (2013). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

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Instructional coaching: A focus on practice

Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 5(2), 100-112.

Knight, J., & van Nieuwerburgh, C. (2012). 

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Record, replay, reflect: Videotaped lessons accelerate learning for teachers and coaches

Journal of Staff Development, 33(2), 18-23.

Knight, J., Bradley, B. A., Hock, M., Skrtic, T. A., Knight, D., Brasseur-Hock, I., … Hatton, C. (2012).

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Unmistakable impact: A partnership approach for dramatically improving instruction

Knight, J. (2011). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

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Technology, coaching, and community: Power partners for improved professional development

Paper presented at the annual conference and expo of the International Society for Technology in Education, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Beglau, M., Hare, J.C., Foltos, L., Gann, K., James, J., Jobe, H., Knight, J., Smith, B. (2011). 

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Coaches as system leaders

Educational Leadership, 69(2),18-22.

Fullan, M., & Jim Knight, J. (2011).

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What good coaches do

Educational Leadership, 69(2), 18-22.

Knight, J. (2011).

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Understanding attributes of effective coaches

Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, Colorado.

Knight, J., Cornett, J., Skrtic, T., Kennedy, M., Novosel, L., & Mitchell, B. (2010, April).

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What can we do about teacher resistance?

Phi Delta Kappan, 7(90), 508-513.

Knight, J. (2009).

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Studying the impact of instructional coaching

Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, California.

Cornett, J., & Knight, J. (2009).

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Coaching: Approaches and perspectives

Knight, J. (2008). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. 

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Research on coaching: An overview of the literature

In Knight, J. (2008). Coaching: Approaches and perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Cornett, J., & Knight, J. (2008).

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Five key points to building a coaching program

Journal of Staff Development, 28(1), 26-31.

Knight, J. (2007).

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Coaching classroom management

Sprick, R., Knight, J., Reinke, W., & McKale, T. (2006). Eugene, OR: Pacific Northwest Publishing.

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Instructional coaching: Eight factors for realizing better classroom teaching

The School Administrator, 63(4), 36-40.

Knight, J. (2006).

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A primer on instructional coaches

Principal Leadership, 5(9), 16- 21.

Knight, J. (2005). 

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Instructional coaches make progress through partnership: Intensive support can improve teaching

Journal of Staff Development, 25(2), 32-37.

Knight, J. (2004).

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Michael Fullan: An interview

Stratenotes, 12(3).

Knight, J. (2003).

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Crossing boundaries: What constructivists can teach intensive-explicit instructors and vice versa

Knight, J. (2002).

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Another damn thing we’ve got to do: Teacher perceptions of professional development

Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Knight, J. (2000).

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Partnership learning: Putting conversation at the heart of professional development

Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, California.

Knight, J. (1999).

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Partnership learning: Putting conversation at the heart of professional development

Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montréal, Quebec.

Knight, J. (1999).

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Do schools have learning disabilities?

Knight, J. (1998).

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Learning consulting: Translating research into practice

Stratenotes. 7(1) 1-3.

Knight, J. (1998).

This paper, published in our University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning publication Stratenotes, offers some very preliminary thoughts about the instructional coach as a translator of research. It explores the questions: What is a translator?  And, if “learning consultants” translate research into practice, what does that mean for what they do? This is the first document I published, my early notes on what coaching is and what coaches could do.

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